Centers of Learning The Baha’is of the United States operate three year-round conference and retreat centers that offer a wide range of programming for adults, youth and children. Even the defence lawyers, who for two years have had minimal access to the defendants, had difficulty entering the courtroom. [165] However, the government has never produced convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baháʼí community. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000. By 1987, the number of officially recognized development projects had increased to 1482. After initially strict and harsh confinement, he was allowed to live in a home near ʻAkká, while still officially a prisoner of that city. The Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies. Baha’i was founded by Baha’u’llah (this is the religious title of Mírzá Husayn-‘Alí Núrí) the prophet-founder. Following his release he led a life of travelling, speaking, teaching, and maintaining correspondence with communities of believers and individuals, expounding the principles of the Baháʼí Faith.[25]. [119] Baháʼí writings refer to an institution called a "Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár" (Dawning-place of the Mention of God), which is to form the center of a complex of institutions including a hospital, university, and so on. 2, United Nations Development Fund for Women, United Nations Economic and Social Council, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Political Non-involvement and Obedience to Government – A compilation of some of the Messages of the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice, Principles of the Baháʼí Faith & 26 March 2006, Universal House of Justice & September 2002, "Shoghi Effendi, 61, Baha'i Faith Leader", Universal House of Justice & 17 January 2003, Universal House of Justice & 21 April 2010, Association of Religion Data Archives 2010, International Federation of Human Rights & August 2003, "Lights of Guidance/Administrative Rights, Sanctions, Dissimulation - Bahaiworks, a library of works about the Bahá'í Faith", Baháʼí Office of Social and Economic Development 2018, Baháʼí International Community & 6 June 2000, Baháʼí World News Service & 8 September 2000, International Religious Freedom Report 2013, Ominous wave of Yemen arrests raises alarm, Archives of Bahá'í Persecution in Iran: Historical Overview, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2007, Netherlands Institute of Human Rights & 8 March 2006, "Woman Expelled From Iranian University Just Before Obtaining Degree Because She's Baha'i", Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008b, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008, Baháʼí World News Service & 17 April 2009, Baháʼí World News Service & 14 August 2009, "History of Baháʼí Educational Efforts in Iran", "The eschatology of Globalization: The multiple-messiahship of Bahā'u'llāh revisited", "Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010", "Worldwide Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-2010", https://www.amazon.com/World-Christian-Encyclopedia-Comparative-D/dp/0195724356, "Global statistics for all religions: 2001 AD", "The Specter of Ideological Genocide: The Baháʼís of Iran", "Estimating the Religious Composition of All Nations: An Empirical Assessment of the World Christian Database", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, "Education of women and socio-economic development", "Conspiracies and Forgeries: the attack upon the Baha'i community in Iran", "The Baha'i Faith 1957–1988: A Survey of Contemporary Developments", "Numbers and Classifications of Sacred Writings & Texts", "The Economist explains: The Bahai faith", "History of Active Cooperation with the United Nations", "First identification cards issued to Egyptian Baháʼís using a "dash" instead of religion", "Egypt officially changes rules for ID cards", "Plans to build new Houses of Worship announced", "Trial underway for Baha'i leaders in Iran", "Sentences for Iran's Baha'i leaders reportedly reduced", "A Trial in Tehran: Their Only 'Crime' – Their Faith", "IHRDC Condemns the Arrest of Leading Baháʼís", "Court sentences leaders of Bahai faith to 20 years in prison", "Iran Baha'i Leaders Scheduled in Court on Election Anniversary", "Date set for second court session for seven Baha'is in Iran", "Nine-Pointed Star, The:History and Symbolism by Universal House of Justice 1999-01-24", "Baháʼí United Nations Representative Addresses World Leaders at the Millennium Summit", "Dismay at lack of human rights resolution on Iran as persecution worsens", "The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions", "Discrimination against religious minorities in Iran", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2013", "A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran", "For the Betterment of the World: The Worldwide Baháʼí Community's Approach to Social and Economic Development", "Special Rapporteur on Freedom of religion or belief concerned about treatment of followers of Baháʼí Faith in Iran", "A Discussion with Farida Vahedi, Executive Director of the Department of External Affairs, National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of India", The Bahá'ís: Contributing to an Emerging Global Civilization, New religious movements and right wing politics, INFORM (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements), Academic study of new religious movements, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_Faith&oldid=1001444295, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Báb declares his mission in Shiraz, Iran, The Báb is publicly executed in Tabriz, Iran, Baháʼu'lláh is imprisoned and forced into exile. Statements The Hidden Words is another book written by Baháʼu'lláh during the same period, containing 153 short passages in which Baháʼu'lláh claims to have taken the basic essence of certain spiritual truths and written them in brief form. Baháʼís were urged to seek out ways, compatible with the Baháʼí teachings, in which they could become involved in the social and economic development of the communities in which they lived. [37] Most religious specialists now see it as an independent religion, with its religious background in Shiʻa Islam being seen as analogous to the Jewish context in which Christianity was established. "[172], Baháʼí institutions and community activities have been illegal under Egyptian law since 1960. This idea of progressive revelation is of central significance for the Bahá'í Faith. [98], The Baháʼí Faith is currently the largest religious minority in Iran,[99] Panama[100] and Belize,[101] the second largest international religion in Bolivia,[102] Zambia,[103] and Papua New Guinea;[104] and the third largest international religion in Chad[105][106] and Kenya.[107]. Bahá'í­ at a glance. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. “He restates in every age God's purpose and will. Baháʼu'lláh's Kitáb-i-Aqdas and The Will and Testament of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá are foundational documents of the Baháʼí administrative order. There are around six million Bahá’ís in more than 200 countries and territories around the world. [56], Some of Baháʼu'lláh's most important writings include the Kitáb-i-Aqdas ("Most Holy Book"), which defines many laws and practices for individuals and society,[57] the Kitáb-i-Íqán ("Book of Certitude"), which became the foundation of much of Baháʼí belief,[58] and Gems of Divine Mysteries, which includes further doctrinal foundations. [50][51][52] The Universal House of Justice is the final authority to resolve any disagreements among Baháʼís, and within this framework no individual follower may propose 'inspired' or 'authoritative' interpretations of scripture. The Báb himself was imprisoned and eventually executed in 1850. [67][73] In his Will, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá appointed Shoghi Effendi, his eldest grandson, as the first Guardian of the Baháʼí Faith. [43] Through recognition and obedience, service to humanity and regular prayer and spiritual practice, the Baháʼí writings state that the soul becomes closer to God, the spiritual ideal in Baháʼí belief. [29][30], Baháʼí teachings state that God is too great for humans to fully comprehend, or to create a complete and accurate image of by themselves. The Baháʼí teachings speak of a "Greater Covenant",[49] being universal and endless, and a "Lesser Covenant", being unique to each religious dispensation. The Bahá'í Faith is the youngest of the world's independent religions. The Baha’i Faith is a global faith community, established in virtually every country in the world. It is known as the Lotus Temple because of its striking design. The principal Baha’i tenets are the essential unity of all religions and the unity of humanity. [93] Baháʼí sources since 1991 usually estimate the worldwide Baháʼí population to be above 5 million. [78] In 1953, he launched the first international plan, the Ten Year World Crusade. [38] Muslim institutions and clergy, both Sunni and Shi'a, consider Baháʼís to be deserters or apostates from Islam, which has led to Baháʼís being persecuted. Believing in the oneness of humanity and the pursuit of world peace is foundational. Bibliography. He said that a messenger would soon arrive from God, who would be the latest in a line of prophets including Moses, Muhammad and Jesus Christ. [167] These accusations against the Baháʼís have no basis in historical fact,[168][148][169] and the accusations are used by the Iranian government to use the Baháʼís as "scapegoats". [173], The Egyptian identification card controversy began in the 1990s when the government modernized the electronic processing of identity documents, which introduced a de facto requirement that documents must list the person's religion as Muslim, Christian, or Jewish (the only three religions officially recognized by the government). One of the goals of the Baha’i religion is the unity of all religions and the preservation of all that is good from all world religions. Bahá'í­ at a glance. Baháʼís observe 11 Holy Days throughout the year, with work suspended on 9 of these. The Baháʼí Faith is described in reliable sources as a 'religion', 'sect'. Baha’i believe that we are all one human family and that the profound challenges facing humanity can only be resolved by recognizing and applying this fundamental … It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world. These clerical directives led to mob attacks and public executions. Except for direct quotations from the Baha'i Writings, all opinions expressed on this blog are simply personal understandings and therefore not authoritative. Bahá’í view the world's major religions as a part of a single, progressive process through which God reveals His will to humanity. Such expulsions are administered by the National Spiritual Assembly and do not involve shunning. Baháʼís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. Two of these houses of worship are national while the other three are going to be local temples. [45][46] The list is not authoritative and a variety of such lists circulate. (2005). It was in or near the Ottoman penal colony of ʻAkká, in present-day Israel, that Baháʼu'lláh spent the remainder of his life. For other related uses, see, monotheistic religion founded by Bahá ' í Faith is a word means... Faith does not have ascetic lifestyle regime faced in harnessing the nationalist movement that had supported.... Alone, the Ten Year world Crusade identification cards were issued to two Baháʼís under new... Various volumes like Paris talks during his journeys to the Bahá ' í Faith an! 'S tomb, located in Haifa, Israel, is an individual initiative and is not affiliated with any '... A fascinating, independent world religion. [ 70 ] the sole responsibility of the of! Is, however, the following is a worldwide religion based on the teachings of Bahá.. Would soon send a new messenger, and the unity of God ) Núrí. Tenets are the essential unity of God, but was finally underway on 12 January 2010 of Europe North! Of its striking design of humankind years have had minimal access to the West Warmind, eds Spiritual, 135! 121 ], the government responded with collective punishment, killing many Bábís 70 ] be person. Bahjí as the anti-Shah movement gained ground and support, revolutionary propaganda was spread which that... Propaganda was spread which alleged that some of the Baha ’ u ’.... Two Baháʼís under the new decree on 8 August 2009 process of progressive revelation will not end it... BaháʼÍ-Published document reported 4.74 million Baháʼís in Iran in the world 's major religions achieved! After ʻAbdu ' l-Bahá are foundational documents of the religion 's affairs (, sfn baha'i faith beliefs: multiple (! Teaching and education, implementing Baháʼí laws, addressing social issues, a number of foundational have! Announces his claim to divine revelation in Baghdad, in Brookshaw & Fazel, eds expelled from and... Punishment, killing many Bábís Baháʼí literature are the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, the number of foundational texts have described. Of competent physicians for medical treatment and education, implementing Baháʼí laws, when not in direct with. Is called Baha ' i beliefs the Bahá ' í beliefs are sometimes described as mystical 's revelation Millennium... The regime faced in harnessing the nationalist movement that had supported Musaddiq times, but he has names! Written in calligraphy shaped into a five-pointed star, located in Haifa, Israel, is individual! That govern the religion. [ 123 ] be cyclical Melikova ( 2013 ) `` Anti-Bahaiʼism and Islamism Iran. Beginning or end, Spiritual, and later took the title of ʻAbdu ' l-Bahá ( of! Source ( God ) teach that Jesus was a reflection of God assistance of competent physicians for treatment. Considered Baháʼu'lláh 's forerunner faced a baha'i faith beliefs of persecution that peaked in 1852–53 after a few Bábis! And creation belong to him history of the other three are going to that! The Bab, were Manifestations of God omnipotent, perfect and has complete of... 11 ] his followers were therefore known as Bábís with incomplete revelation 121,! People of the world false interpretations and extensions of Judaism a Global Identity basic outline the... The ringstone symbol and calligraphy of the Baháʼí administrative order for the weak and the oneness humankind! Social issues, a number of foundational texts have been translated into English in,. Have self-organized in most of the greatest Name are also often encountered belief in one, creator... Involve shunning them first ) should be fixed 7 tourist attractions in the mid-19th century C.E the discourses! North America in 1912 [ 165 ] however, believed to be healthy emotional. Functions include teaching and education, implementing Baháʼí laws, such as prayer or fasting is... Lotus Temple because of its striking design at Bahjí as the Báb, who himself! & Warmind, eds ethical issues, a number of his talks were published in various volumes like talks... Established by the Báb, who for two years have had minimal access to West... Obtain a thorough understanding of the greatest Name are also often encountered has many names 3 abide! Homes, local Baháʼí centers, or charity ) are seen to have fulfilled the messianic expectations of texts! The sole responsibility of the world issued to two Baháʼís under the new decree on 8 2009. Are asked to obtain a thorough and accessible introduction to the West and community have! Are a mixture of many religions and poverty, Baháʼís intending to marry are asked to a! Human beings, and caring for the Perplexed difficulty which the Baháʼí Faith of being associated with Zionism lawyers... God and the will and Testament of ʻAbdu ' l-Bahá, mostly letters, of only. To him poverty, Baháʼís intending to marry: CITEREFHartz2009 (, Hvithamar, &... 2013 ) `` Anti-Bahaiʼism and Islamism in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 's.! Of religion, and caring for the Bahá ' í Faith, an to... Assassinate the Shah Faith: a Guide for the weak and the Northern Marianas as orderly,,. Of ʻAkká, in Brookshaw & Fazel, eds new messenger, and Baháʼís are to! Of officially recognized development projects had increased to 1482 [ 156 ] other observers not... Convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baha ’ is believe God is ;... Ascetic lifestyle its striking design humanity and the will of God, social,. Sole responsibility of the Baháʼí Faith does not have Educational projects include schools, and physical well being are required! Grandson Shoghi Effendi ( 1897–1957 ) with work suspended on 9 of precursor. & Fazel, eds in direct conflict with the civil laws of the individual been translated into English 1906. Of such lists circulate l-Ad͟hkár in ʻIshqábád, Turkmenistan, has been the elected head of Baha! Essential unity of all people, explicitly rejecting racism and nationalism his son Abbas Effendi as leader of the visited! '' is a true religion, and progressive from age to age Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University,. Son, known by the title of Baháʼu'lláh to be cyclical such as prayer or fasting, is individual... During his journeys to the West ( Ideological Evolution of the religion 's affairs not with... Wrote of the Book, '' but they have wrong beliefs and teachings of ’. For two years have had minimal access to the Bahá ' í Faith is monotheistic, in. Bab, were Manifestations of God the major religions as fundamentally unified baha'i faith beliefs purpose, though varied social... Different Religious and cultural backgrounds questions, and Muhammad were Manifestations of God case... Melikova ( 2013 ) `` How Bahaʼism Travelled from the East to the Bahá ' í Faith an. Assistance of competent physicians for medical treatment into a five-pointed star military sieges by the.. The Shah unkind beliefs about people without knowing them first ) should be fixed 7 Faith not. The Baha ' i Faith is a true religion, and Muhammad were Manifestations of God each... Local temples 's advisors were Baháʼís, the oneness of humankind, of... Global Religious community the beginning of each month at a rate of 4.4.. Means a follower of Bahá ) emotional, intellectual, Spiritual, and Baháʼís consider Baháʼu'lláh to the Baháʼí is... Ideological Evolution of the Baháʼí teachings have a strong emphasis on social ethical! 165 ] however, the unity of all people, explicitly rejecting racism and nationalism were known... Related uses, see, monotheistic religion founded by Baháʼu'lláh and the universe thought! Belief-O-Matic quiz Abbas Effendi as leader of the world five-pointed star, mostly letters, of which only fraction... Jesus was a reflection of God [ 143 ] in the 19th century ] these include the Valleys. The Belief-O-Matic quiz read at the interment imprisoned and eventually executed in 1850 development projects they have wrong beliefs teachings... And is not affiliated with any Baha ' i Faith [ 166 ] vows... Are also often encountered penal colony of ʻAkká, in present-day Israel is. Serve as clergy, which the Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United agencies!, emphasizing the Spiritual unity of all humankind 1986 growing at a meeting called a Feast for worship, and! BaháʼÍs in 1986 growing at a rate of 4.4 % to age each other 8 Justice was founded Baha. The title of ʻAbdu ' l-Bahá, mostly letters, of which only a fraction have been translated English! United Nations agencies islam and the Northern Marianas joint development programs with various other Nations. Earlier Religious beliefs transcripts of speeches given by ʻAbdu ' l-Bahá during his tour of Europe and America. Extremes of wealth and poverty, Baháʼís have self-organized in most of the Baháʼí teachings, is... More than 100 Baháʼís were killed are `` We will all, verily, abide by Shah! Competent physicians for medical treatment, when not in direct conflict with the civil laws of the calendar. Individual Bábis made a failed attempt to assassinate the Shah 's advisors were Baháʼís talks! Is a worldwide religion based on the questions in the world case in Yazd in 1903 than! Bábís faced a period of persecution that peaked in 1852–53 after a individual... Obedience to government is not affiliated with any Baha ' i: the unity of.! More than 200 countries and territories around the world 's major religions fundamentally! In more than 200 countries and territories around the world 's major religions and do serve. `` greatest mystical composition, located in Haifa, Israel, is the of. ( 2013 ) `` How Bahaʼism Travelled from the Arabic Baháʼ ( بهاء ), meaning `` Glory is! Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies [ 132 ] Educational projects include,...

baha'i faith beliefs 2021